Pune, also called Poona, city, west-central Maharashtra state, western India, at the junction of the Mula and Mutha rivers. Called “Queen of the Deccan,” Pune is the cultural capital of the Maratha peoples. The city first gained importance as the capital of the Bhonsle Marathas in the 17th century. It was temporarily captured by the Mughals but again served as the official Maratha capital from 1714 until its fall to the British in 1817. It was the seasonal capital of the Bombay Presidency.

Pune is the seventh most populous city in India and the second-largest city in the state of Maharashtra.It has been ranked as “the most liveable city in India” several times.

Pune has long been a major educational and cultural centre; former prime minister Jawaharlal Nehru referred to it as the “Oxford and Cambridge of India.”Pune is also the headquarters of the southern command of the Indian army, with the Khadakwasla Academy located nearby.Pune is widely regarded as the second major “IT hub of India and the top “automobile and manufacturing hub of India”.t serves as headuqarters to Kirloskar Group, Bajaj Auto, Serum Institute of India, Tata BlueScope Steel, Bharat Forge, Kalyani Group, Tata Steel Processing and Distribution etc. Public sector undertakings such as Hindustan Antibiotics, Maharashtra State Agri and Rural Tourism Co-operative Federation Limited, Pune Mahanagar Parivahan Mahamandal Limited are based in the city. 

Historical attractions include the 8th century rock-cut Pataleshwar cave temple, the 18th century Shaniwarwada, the 19th century Aga Khan Palace, Lal Mahal and Sinhagad fort.

Interesting facts
  • It is known as the Oxford of the East.

  • The Origin Of Badminton :Yes, Pune is said to be where badminton originated in India. As per records, the game was brought to the city by several British soldiers who were posted within Pune, then called Poona.

  • The Land Of The Historic Yerwada Prison: was built during the British era in the year 1871. Housed numerous national freedom fighters in the past, such as Jawahar Lal Nehru, Mahatma Gandhi, Bal Gangadhar Tilak and Subhas Chandra Bose.

  • Pune is also known for the grand Aga Khan Palace, built in 1892 and now a memorial to Mahatma Gandhi, whose ashes are preserved in the garden.

Museums to visit in Pune